When you have pre-diabetes or diabetes, keeping your blood sugar levels in a healthy range is important. Find out more about these conditions, including common symptoms and treatment options.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when your body has difficulty maintaining healthy blood sugar levels. This causes an increase in sugar inside your bloodstream, which can lead to a wide range of serious health complications. Although you can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during childhood, which occurs when your body makes little to no insulin, type 2 diabetes is more common. When you have blood sugar levels that are higher than they should be, you might be diagnosed with either pre-diabetes or diabetes. Understanding the difference between these conditions can help ensure that you get diabetes treatment in Kentucky if needed.
Causes and Risk Factors
Pre-diabetes occurs when your blood sugar levels are elevated, but not high enough to be considered diabetic. Even though you are not diabetic with pre-diabetes, this condition can still begin to cause health complications. Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes occur when your body has difficulty processing sugar, leading to a buildup of sugar in your blood. Your risk of pre-diabetes or diabetes is higher if you are overweight, inactive, and have a family history of these conditions.
Pre-diabetes and diabetes typically cause no noticeable symptoms at first. When symptoms do start to occur, you might experience the following:
- Feeling hungrier than usual
- Feeling thirstier than usual
- Having to urinate more often
- Having fatigue
- Having blurry vision
- Having frequent infections or wounds that heal slowly
You should visit a local medical clinic in Kentucky if you have signs or symptoms of pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, especially if you have one or more risk factors. Your doctor can run tests to check for pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, such as A1C tests, fasting blood sugar tests and oral glucose tolerance tests. The results of these tests indicate whether you have normal blood sugar levels or elevated levels that are either pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes.
For pre-diabetes, treatment options focus on lowering your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This generally involves lifestyle changes, such as following a healthy diet and exercising. Diabetes treatment typically includes taking insulin to maintain healthy blood sugar levels and adopting a healthy lifestyle to reduce your risk of health complications. Eating healthy and making other lifestyle changes might be enough to keep your blood sugar levels in a normal range. If you have trouble with this, your doctor will discuss insulin therapy with you, which generally involves administering insulin injections to lower your blood sugar levels.
If you are searching for a primary care doctor near you in Kentucky for diabetes testing and treatment, please contact KentuckyCare by calling (877) 791-9154. We can diagnose this condition and provide you with the care you need if you have diabetes.